Andry’s Rebellion: The Biggest Slave Revolt In U.S History

On January 8th, 1811, the biggest slave revolt in U.S. history took place in the territory of Louisiana. Led by a Haitian born slave named Charles Deslondes. The rebellion was named after plantation owner Manuel Andry, who was the first to be attacked by approximately 15 slaves. 

Despite his injuries, he was able to escape and warn whites on surrounding plantations. They also killed Andry‘s son, Gilbert Tomassin Andry as they crossed into St. Charles Parish headed to New Orleans. According to witnesses at the time the rebels marched militia-style while beating drums and waving flags. 

They were armed with pikes, hosesaxes and other weapons but very few guns. Enslaved people from other plantations joined the rebellion as well, bringing the total number of slaves involved to around 500 people. 

While in St. Parish they killed Jean Francois Trepagnier, another plantation owner. William C.C Claiborne, the territorial governor at the time called a militia of volunteers to bring the uprising to a stop, he would also call on the U.S. Army and Navy Sailors to help. 

The uprising would ultimately end on January 10, 1811, with the death of two whites and ninety-five blacksmaking the rebellion the bloodiest in the history of this country. After the rebellion authorities tighten the restrictions governing the free blacks in Louisiana. They also freed some local slaves who provided information on the rebellion and worked with the government against their own people.

Sources:

https://blackpast.org/aah/andry-s-rebellion-1811

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